In this paper we provide an explicit general construction of higher homotopy operations in model categories, which include classical examples such as (long) Toda brackets and (iterated) Massey products, but also cover unpointed operations not usually considered in this context. We show how such operations, thought of as obstructions to rectifying a homotopy-commutative diagram, can be defined in terms of a double induction, yielding intermediate obstructions as well.
Blanc, David; Johnson, Mark W.; and Turner, James M., "A constructive approach to higher homotopy operations" (2019). University Faculty Publications and Creative Works. 101.