Journal of Water, Sanitation and Hygiene for Development
In Liberia, access to safe water is not universal, and waterborne diseases like diarrhea run rampant. As part of a larger border-to-border clean water project in Liberia, hollow membrane fiber filters were distributed to households in remote and/or small villages across Liberia. While f ilter efficacy has been demonstrated in the laboratory, studies of filter efficacy in real-world settings yield more mixed results. Intervention efficacy in Liberia was evaluated by assessing (1) user ability to correctly filter and backwash and (2) filter functioning at follow-up visits approximately 2 and 8 weeks post-intervention. Ultimately, the results supported the efficacy of this intervention. At arrival of both follow-ups, over 95% of filters were functioning properly and the majority of issues were resolved during visits. This supported the shortterm durability of the filters and the importance of follow-up visits for repairs. Furthermore, the vast majority of households were able to correctly demonstrate filtering and backwashing: 88.47% at the first follow-up and 91.79% at the second. This slight increase may indicate the value of follow-up visits as educational tools. The widescale distribution of point-of-use filters as a mechanism for clean water should include on-going education and affordable filter repair and replacement opportunities.
Alford, Kristen R.; Rosendale, Katherine D.; DeRuiter, Stacy L.; Pruim, Randall J.; VanHorn, Jason E/; Koroma, Abdul Hafiz; Bone, Matthew; DenHaan, Adam; Koeman, Jamison; Kornoelje, Sadie; Lika, Blerta; Walls, Lydia; Wang, Nathan; and Deighton, Jared, "Evaluating Filter Functionality and User Competence after a Hollow Fiber Membrane Filter Intervention in Liberia" (2022). University Faculty Publications and Creative Works. 589.